柳暗花明笔记

    linux rsync 后台自动同步文件的好方案, 在windows下也可以使用,但有坑要小心

    所属分类:[ linux&mysql ] 猫哲学家 发表于:2016-11-14 00:15 浏览:425

    nohup sshpass -p '123456' rsync -qzrtoP --progress -e 'ssh -p 5522' --delete root@112.74.122.114:/mnt/data/www/image-server/source/* /home/lanmiz/Desktop/product/ > /home/lanmiz/Desktop/product/rsync-source-log  &

    Usage: rsync [OPTION]... SRC [SRC]... DEST
    or rsync [OPTION]... SRC [SRC]... [USER@]HOST:DEST
    or rsync [OPTION]... SRC [SRC]... [USER@]HOST::DEST
    or rsync [OPTION]... SRC [SRC]... rsync://[USER@]HOST[:PORT]/DEST
    or rsync [OPTION]... [USER@]HOST:SRC [DEST]
    or rsync [OPTION]... [USER@]HOST::SRC [DEST]
    or rsync [OPTION]... rsync://[USER@]HOST[:PORT]/SRC [DEST]
    The ':' usages connect via remote shell, while '::' & 'rsync://' usages connect
    to an rsync daemon, and require SRC or DEST to start with a module name.

    Options
    -v, --verbose increase verbosity
    --info=FLAGS fine-grained informational verbosity
    --debug=FLAGS fine-grained debug verbosity
    --msgs2stderr special output handling for debugging
    -q, --quiet suppress non-error messages
    --no-motd suppress daemon-mode MOTD (see manpage caveat)
    -c, --checksum skip based on checksum, not mod-time & size
    -a, --archive archive mode; equals -rlptgoD (no -H,-A,-X)
    --no-OPTION turn off an implied OPTION (e.g. --no-D)
    -r, --recursive recurse into directories
    -R, --relative use relative path names
    --no-implied-dirs don't send implied dirs with --relative
    -b, --backup make backups (see --suffix & --backup-dir)
    --backup-dir=DIR make backups into hierarchy based in DIR
    --suffix=SUFFIX set backup suffix (default ~ w/o --backup-dir)
    -u, --update skip files that are newer on the receiver
    --inplace update destination files in-place (SEE MAN PAGE)
    --append append data onto shorter files
    --append-verify like --append, but with old data in file checksum
    -d, --dirs transfer directories without recursing
    -l, --links copy symlinks as symlinks
    -L, --copy-links transform symlink into referent file/dir
    --copy-unsafe-links only "unsafe" symlinks are transformed
    --safe-links ignore symlinks that point outside the source tree
    --munge-links munge symlinks to make them safer (but unusable)
    -k, --copy-dirlinks transform symlink to a dir into referent dir
    -K, --keep-dirlinks treat symlinked dir on receiver as dir
    -H, --hard-links preserve hard links
    -p, --perms preserve permissions
    -E, --executability preserve the file's executability
    --chmod=CHMOD affect file and/or directory permissions
    -A, --acls preserve ACLs (implies --perms)
    -X, --xattrs preserve extended attributes
    -o, --owner preserve owner (super-user only)
    -g, --group preserve group
    --devices preserve device files (super-user only)
    --specials preserve special files
    -D same as --devices --specials
    -t, --times preserve modification times
    -O, --omit-dir-times omit directories from --times
    -J, --omit-link-times omit symlinks from --times
    --super receiver attempts super-user activities
    --fake-super store/recover privileged attrs using xattrs
    -S, --sparse handle sparse files efficiently
    --preallocate allocate dest files before writing them
    -n, --dry-run perform a trial run with no changes made
    -W, --whole-file copy files whole (without delta-xfer algorithm)
    -x, --one-file-system don't cross filesystem boundaries
    -B, --block-size=SIZE force a fixed checksum block-size
    -e, --rsh=COMMAND specify the remote shell to use
    --rsync-path=PROGRAM specify the rsync to run on the remote machine
    --existing skip creating new files on receiver
    --ignore-existing skip updating files that already exist on receiver
    --remove-source-files sender removes synchronized files (non-dirs)
    --del an alias for --delete-during
    --delete delete extraneous files from destination dirs
    --delete-before receiver deletes before transfer, not during
    --delete-during receiver deletes during the transfer
    --delete-delay find deletions during, delete after
    --delete-after receiver deletes after transfer, not during
    --delete-excluded also delete excluded files from destination dirs
    --ignore-missing-args ignore missing source args without error
    --delete-missing-args delete missing source args from destination
    --ignore-errors delete even if there are I/O errors
    --force force deletion of directories even if not empty
    --max-delete=NUM don't delete more than NUM files
    --max-size=SIZE don't transfer any file larger than SIZE
    --min-size=SIZE don't transfer any file smaller than SIZE
    --partial keep partially transferred files
    --partial-dir=DIR put a partially transferred file into DIR
    --delay-updates put all updated files into place at transfer's end
    -m, --prune-empty-dirs prune empty directory chains from the file-list
    --numeric-ids don't map uid/gid values by user/group name
    --usermap=STRING custom username mapping
    --groupmap=STRING custom groupname mapping
    --chown=USER:GROUP simple username/groupname mapping
    --timeout=SECONDS set I/O timeout in seconds
    --contimeout=SECONDS set daemon connection timeout in seconds
    -I, --ignore-times don't skip files that match in size and mod-time
    -M, --remote-option=OPTION send OPTION to the remote side only
    --size-only skip files that match in size
    --modify-window=NUM compare mod-times with reduced accuracy
    -T, --temp-dir=DIR create temporary files in directory DIR
    -y, --fuzzy find similar file for basis if no dest file
    --compare-dest=DIR also compare destination files relative to DIR
    --copy-dest=DIR ... and include copies of unchanged files
    --link-dest=DIR hardlink to files in DIR when unchanged
    -z, --compress compress file data during the transfer
    --compress-level=NUM explicitly set compression level
    --skip-compress=LIST skip compressing files with a suffix in LIST
    -C, --cvs-exclude auto-ignore files the same way CVS does
    -f, --filter=RULE add a file-filtering RULE
    -F same as --filter='dir-merge /.rsync-filter'
    repeated: --filter='- .rsync-filter'
    --exclude=PATTERN exclude files matching PATTERN
    --exclude-from=FILE read exclude patterns from FILE
    --include=PATTERN don't exclude files matching PATTERN
    --include-from=FILE read include patterns from FILE
    --files-from=FILE read list of source-file names from FILE
    -0, --from0 all *-from/filter files are delimited by 0s
    -s, --protect-args no space-splitting; only wildcard special-chars
    --address=ADDRESS bind address for outgoing socket to daemon
    --port=PORT specify double-colon alternate port number
    --sockopts=OPTIONS specify custom TCP options
    --blocking-io use blocking I/O for the remote shell
    --stats give some file-transfer stats
    -8, --8-bit-output leave high-bit chars unescaped in output
    -h, --human-readable output numbers in a human-readable format
    --progress show progress during transfer
    -P same as --partial --progress
    -i, --itemize-changes output a change-summary for all updates
    --out-format=FORMAT output updates using the specified FORMAT
    --log-file=FILE log what we're doing to the specified FILE
    --log-file-format=FMT log updates using the specified FMT
    --password-file=FILE read daemon-access password from FILE
    --list-only list the files instead of copying them
    --bwlimit=RATE limit socket I/O bandwidth
    --outbuf=N|L|B set output buffering to None, Line, or Block
    --write-batch=FILE write a batched update to FILE
    --only-write-batch=FILE like --write-batch but w/o updating destination
    --read-batch=FILE read a batched update from FILE
    --protocol=NUM force an older protocol version to be used
    --iconv=CONVERT_SPEC request charset conversion of filenames
    --checksum-seed=NUM set block/file checksum seed (advanced)
    --noatime do not alter atime when opening source files
    -4, --ipv4 prefer IPv4
    -6, --ipv6 prefer IPv6
    --version print version number
    (-h) --help show this help (-h is --help only if used alone)

     

    加参数 P 实现断点继传

    ===============================

    windows下的使用:

    Example : C:\WORK\* --> /cygdrive/c/work/*

    主要是盘符的写法很不一样

    C:\Users\lmzwin10\Documents\cwRsync_5.5.0_x86_Free\bin\rsync.exe -v -rlt -z --delete /cygdrive/c/Users/lmzwin10/Documents/cwRsync_5.5.0_x86_Free/a/* /cygdrive/c/Users/lmzwin10/Documents/cwRsync_5.5.0_x86_Free/bin/b/

    可以参考:

    http://man.linuxde.net/rsync

     

    标签: linux 
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